Es bueno que Nôtre-Dame exista.  (León Trotsky)

(…) la Humanidad, capaz de crear nuevas formas de vida y de arte, curará todas sus llagas soportables por las viejas catedrales y los viejos museos…

(…) En una calle como la de Mouffetard, París evidencia su atraso técnico y sanitario, su indigencia y su suciedad. Entre dos muros de piedra a cuyo pie se amontonan carretillas cargadas de legumbres podridas, zapatos irreconocibles, carne de caballo azulosa y toda clase de menudencias comestibles y no comestibles, en una acera estrecha, escarpada e irregular, en medio de terrinas de mantequilla y carne, de cestas de fruta corrompida, en medio de una nube espesa de pesados olores, bullen ancianos de pantalones de pana chafada cayéndoles sobre los zuecos mientras mujeres de flácidos músculos (salvo los conservados por el trabajo), niños de mejillas chupadas y perros… Podrían reunirse de sobra todos esos elementos en un cuadro de conjunto: cada detalle vivo pregona elocuentemente la pobreza, la opresión, los nervios gastados por el miedo al hambre. ¡Oh París! ¡Oh trabajo! ¡Oh miseria!

El león de Belfort, pesada masa de metal, descansa sobre un zócalo de piedra. Bajo su pata hay una flecha de granito, mientras su cola pende como un poderoso resorte. Los pájaros han construido nidos en sus fauces entreabiertas y por entre los colmillos reales apunta la paja: nadie se ha encargado de quitar la paja de las fauces del león de Belfort.

No por eso dejan de seguir estando firmes, en su sitio, los incomparables monumentos de París; son incontables y dan a esa vieja ciudad espléndida y sucia una nobleza para la que no hay palabras. El espíritu de libertad, silueta reconocible, se alza por encima de nosotros en la plaza de la Bastilla. La República ocupa firmemente su plaza. Las palomas han dejado sobre la cabeza y manos de Danton restos, desde hace mucho tiempo sin borrar, de su intimidad con el tribuno revolucionario. Augusto Comte está ennegrecido de polvo y hollín frente a la Sorbona. Carlomagno y sus dos hijos, más limpios que otros, destacan en un fondo de verdor frente a Nôtre-Dame. Frente al Louvre se alza el monumento a la gloria de Gambetta, de estilo pomposamente rebuscado y sin alma, como el monumento a Waldeck-Rousseau en las Tullerías, y en general toda la estatutaria de la Tercera República. Nôtre-Dame, inviolable, llena de admiración al espectador cada vez que “por casualidad” se percibe esa creación de las manos del hombre. Marinetti, el gritón futurista italiano, quiere librar la superficie de la Tierra de todas las catedrales y todos los museos para preparar el camino a las nuevas formas de arte del porvenir. La artillería cumple con una parte de este programa de demolición. No hay duda de que tras esta liquidación, que, sin embargo, no se realiza según los cánones de la estética futurista, comenzará un capítulo nuevo de la historia humana, y por tanto un capítulo nuevo de la historia del arte, ya que el arte jamás ha tenido capítulos independientes. Cuando la Humanidad del futuro vuelva sobre sí misma después de la guerra, la distancia histórica que la separará de la Edad Media, que ha encontrado una expresión tan perfecta en los arcos de Nôtre-Dame, habrá aumentado infinitamente. Pese a ello, o mejor precisamente por ello, la Humanidad, capaz de crear nuevas formas de vida y de arte, curará todas sus llagas soportables por las viejas catedrales y los viejos museos…

Es bueno que Nôtre-Dame exista.

León Trotsky (1924)*Apéndice de “Literatura y Revolución”. Textos sobre arte, cultura y literatura: (Extracto de un viejo cuaderno: París, verano de 1916, publicado en el número 1 de Krasnaia Niva, 1922).

(*) Lev Davídovich Bronstein ??, más conocido como Lyev Trótskiy (León Trotsky)

 

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